Whiteheads and blackheads are known as comedonals and represent the two most common forms of acne. Comedonals arise when oil or sebum clogs hair follicles. What differentiates between the two forms of acne is how much exposure to air they have. Generally, whiteheads are closed by a mass of overgrowing dead cells whereas blackheads are closed.
Different people seek different procedures to treat acne. Some prefer over the counter medication from a drugstore whereas others may opt to pay the dermatologist a visit. The rest of the population prefer to the esthetician. An esthetician is skin care expert usually with professional training if some level. Through a facial, an esthetician plucks the blackheads and whiteheads off.
The sole purpose of a facial routine is to cleanse, exfoliate and massage the face. During these procedures, the hardened sebum or oil on the hair follicles forming blackheads become softer. Once they are soft, it is easy to pluck them off during the extraction process. The esthetician must remember to wear hand gloves at this stage to prevent exchange of body fluids.
Blackheads may be extracted by the use of either index fingers or an extraction tool. If using fingers, the esthetician should remove the blackheads with their fingers covered in a cotton cloth. He or she should ensure that they apply pressure to either side of the spot so as to coax it gently from the follicle. An extraction tool usually made from stainless steel with a single loop may also be used. It is faster but painful to some people.
Whiteheads have a layer of dead cells covering them and hence much more difficult to remove. A lancet or a small surgical blade, however, can be used to make an opening in the skin and remove the whitehead. The lancet should be sterile and care should be taken as this is a delicate process. The advantage is that it is effective for most people but the use of lancets is restricted.
There are a number of basic safety precautions and measures to be observed by both the client a beauty expert. Firstly, each procedure should not be more than ten minutes. Also, the client should not undergo many procedures at once as they could cause trauma to the skin. Usually, two treatment procedures every two weeks are recommended. Also, the aesthetician should not work on inflamed skin to prevent spread of infection.
Extraction procedures are crucial I treating acne and other blemishes. Improvement of the face is observed almost immediately after completion of the treatment. Clients should be keen on expectations as it may take a longer time. Also, they should not expect a pain free process. Thinner skins are more sensitive than thicker and oilier skins and therefore have more pain. Additionally, some beauty experts may be more aggressive.
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